It turned out that another threat of global warming is not only related to the melting of icebergs, sea level rise, and extreme weather changes. A number of old and new disease outbreaks became one of the problems that now also require attention.
Thawing thawing of frozen below the freezing temperature of 0 degrees Celsius could have unleashed “zombie pathogen” that has been frozen for centuries. This is some threat of disease outbreaks as a result of global warming.
The end of July 2016, anthrax attack deer in Siberia, killing at least 2,000 birds. The cause is the frozen carcass of a deer that died 75 years ago melt because of warm summer temperatures.
Unknown deer carcasses were infected by anthrax. Researchers have warned that grave anthrax-infected cattle and deer in Siberia will trigger an outbreak of the disease, if the soil in Siberia is melting.
2. Movement Zika virus
Zika virus is dangerous when attacking a pregnant woman. The main carrier of Zika virus is the Aedes aegypti mosquito, also carry dengue fever and chikungunya fever.
Global warming allows the spread of the disease become more prevalent. According to a report in 2014 in the journal Geospatial Health show that the tropical regions teralu not open to the spread of this virus, but regions such as Australia, Iran, the Arab areas, and some areas in North America vulnerable to the spread of Zika.
Mosquito development caused because people started menampul rain water near their home page, and become a breeding ground for these mosquitoes.
Anthrax is not the only pathogen that can potentially spread through the melting of Thawing. In 2015, a virus was found in Siberia after Thawing frozen for 30,000 years.
The virus is not harmful to humans because they attack the amoeba. But the discovery of the virus prompted fears of diseases such as smallpox.
Mines in the area of â€‹â€‹human activity that is frozen Siberia able to disrupt the microbe has been active for thousands of years.
Such as mosquitoes, ticks also find a new habitat as a result of climate change. And of course, they also carry the disease in conjunction with their movements.
One is babesiosis, tick-borne illness caused by a virus and Babesia microti. This disease is found in the Northeast and a number of areas in the United States.
Infection occurs when the summer, a time when humans and ticks most active. Summer is an opportunity for many people to be infected with the disease.
The deadly disease cholera spread through contaminated water. According to the study, global warming will increase the spread of the disease.
Increased heat and floods due to climate change is increasing the spread of cholera in areas with poor sanitation. Flooding is also capable of carrying contaminated water from spreading.
Source: National Geographic