Aedes aegypti is a mosquito that is easy to adapt well. The larvae were originally only occupy the domestic habitat especially water containers in the house but now capable to growÂ in containers of water that contains a variety of pollutants. For example in IPB Complex Dramaga, in 1990 still inhabited by Aedes albopictus, but since 2002 until now has been dominated by Aedes aegypti. Both now act as primary and secondary dengue vector.
“Life Aedes aegypti influenced by climate change, if the temperature is rising, they can live a more active and transmit the dengue virus more quickly,” explains Prof. Upik Kesumawati Hadi, Professor at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine IPB.
Not only that, the mosquito Aedes aegypti is also changing the behavior of sucking the blood which initially was only active during the day (diurnal), now also active at night (nocturnal).
Vector control of dengue is still prioritizing ways chemicals (insecticides), such efforts insecticide spraying (ULV and fogging), larvasidasi and the use of household insecticides.
UsingÂ same insecticide continuously can lead populations to resistance through selection, which removes individuals susceptible mosquitoes and leaves individuals resistant. Not to mention, the possibility of gene mutations that can occur as a result of exposure to insecticides. This can be a factor that led to the failure of vector control efforts.
Resistance management solution that can be applied is the use of insecticide rotation and INSECTICIDE ONLY BE USED WHEN REQUIRED. Additionally the mosquito prevention efforts should be developed with 3M plus 4M becoming the drain, close, burying, and monitor.